񿼿 櫽
..櫽 ӫߴ ߬ 16 Ӵ 1853 Ѽ ԡ
߬ ԫӿ Ѵ ᮽ 櫽(1820-1879) ѡ
ūѡ 񿼿ӫ.
ɫ Ե ӿѪ 5-6 ѡ ѽ ߬
, ի ߽߫.Oѵ ӫ񫽪 ӫ
ᡴߴ Ҭ, ٽ Ҫ Ӵ߬ ӫ߫ӫ. Ѽ ٽ
ӫ ѬѼٮ ԫӿ.
ūѡ 񿼿ӫ ٽ Ҭῡ߬-߬ Ѽ ѽ
Ѽ ӫ ѽ ߽ѽ Ѽԫ Ѭ 欫ӫ ..
櫽 . ҡ߽ Կ߬ү .
ᡫ ᡡ ߻߫ ӿԡ ի󡫼
Կ,߫ ٽ ´޿ ߽ ẫ᡿
߫߬ ѴѽԿ.
ẫ᡿ 5 ߬߬ ế 1869
ԫ ѡѼ ѡ 竽ү ߬ ế.
ެ ӫһ὿ -ߡ ߬ ޿ ѽѮ ѽٮ
߬ѻԿ ὿ ӿԿ ӫ߫.
ẫ᡿ 꼻ԫ߬ ߬߬
ҡ߿(1869-1873) ߴ ѼԿ߬ ҽ ѡѼ
񫻫ѽ ,߽ 2 ѽ ԫӿ-߫߬
ҽ. 1874 ӫ߽ ߽ѽѼ ߽ ի󡫮
Ѽ.ū߽ ᡿ ҡ߿ ᡿ ѡ ߫.
ūԫ ԫӿ ߫, 1875 ӿ߬ Һ
߫ ڿ ԫ߬ү ᵿ ỿ "ӿԿ ѡ
" ԫ ѡ Ѭԫ߬ ѴѽԿ. Ѭ ӫ
ѫԿ ,ӫ񡿬 󿺿-ѽѬ ᡡ ߬ᡡټ իټ
.
1881 1893 ᡿ߴ ѬԿ ὿ ԫ᡿ ԫӿ
߫. 1881-1883 3 ἴ ԫ߬.ū߽
ᬫ 1886 ټ ԫѬ߬ ѴѽѼ ѻ߬
ӫ߼ Ѭߴ ԫ. 󽴯ߴ
ѽ Ѽ.ƫ ߼ӿ ӫѼ ߽󴡫
.ū߽ ᡿ߴ ԫ ӫἿ ߫,
1889-"߫ ӿӫ",1892-1894-"߽ ",1887-"ūԿ
", 1897-1899-ѫԿ߬ ߫.
ū߽ ѡ Ӭټ ѫӿ ᡿ߴ ѫԿ߬ ߫Ѯ,
ի ᬫ ߫ү Ժ ѫԿ߬
ߴ ӫѡ. ߬ Ѫ ѺѼѡ
Ѭ,Ѭ ԫ߬ Ѯ.
߽񡿮 ӿ ,󽴴 Կ ѡ
Կӿ.
ߴ ӫ,߬ ߽.ԫ ٽ Ѻ񫼡ٮ
ѽѬ,Ѻ Ѽ Ѻ ӫѡ .ġ իߴ .
὿ իߴ ߻ټ , ټ.
-ѡ ѵ 31 1900 48
ӿ߬ӫ,Ѻ Ѭ ԫѡ ᡿.ūիӫѡ
Ѽ .
ġ Ὣ ߿ ߽ ,ѽ ӫ ߫߬ ҽӫ
Ӵѡ ի󡫮 .
, ӫ ѡ ӫ Ѽ ߽
ѡ.񿼿 櫽 ߻ ӫѽ ԫڿ
. ԫӿ ѵ 񿼿  1,ٽ
Ѫ,ѽѽѡ ѡ ޿ ѽټ Ἷ ,߽Ҫ
Ѭԫӫ ҡ߿ ٽ ѡټ ߫, ի
, ߬ѡ Ӭ.ġ ٽ ѻѽѼ ԫӿ
쿬 ǽѬӫ,١ ǽѬ 2. ޿ ١ 󫽫 (1849-
1903) ӫ ԫӿ߬ Ѽ, ūѡ Կտ
߬, ´(1862-1903),޿ 12 Ѯ ٽ ԫӿ
,ѻѽѼ ế, Žԫ.١ ´
櫽 -Ѯ ᮽ (1885-1942)ٽ Ѯ޿
߿󫽿ԫ ѡ 񿼿 ´ 櫽.
񿼿 櫽 ߽ ᡿ ҡ߿ Ѭ
߫
     

 

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