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American Cinema (Кино и театры Америки)
Valentino, Rudolph (1895—I926) — an American film actor, born in Italy.
He was famous for playing the part of a lover in silent films, especially
in “The Sheikh”. He is sometimes mentioned as a typical example of a good-
looking romantic man. Valentino was a ballroom dancer and movie extra
before reaching stardom in “Four Horsemen in the Apocalypse” (1921).
Soon he became the American women’s idea of masculinity, and his
private life and loves were avidly reported in newspapers and magazines.
His physique, his good looks and his physical grace were well exhibited in
“The Sheikh” and “Monsieur Beaucaire”. Valentino’s most successful film is
“Blood and Sand”, for here he seems able to bring some of his own
personality to the portrayal of the matador, an opportunity his other, more
stereotyped roles had thwarted. His untimely death created a national furor
and reportedly drove some of his fans to suicide.
Wayne, John (1907-1979) - a film actor who often played "tough guys",
particularly soldiers and cowboys.
Early in his career Wayne appeared as Hollywood's first singing cowboy.
In 1939, in "Stagecoach", he achieved star status. In his 50-year career he
appeared in more than 200 motion pictures. Some of his outstanding films
are "Red River", "The Quiet Man", "The High and Mighty", "The Searchers",
"True Grit", for which he won an Academy Award (1969), and "Shootist".
The characters John Wayne played, especially in Westerns ("Stagecoach",
"True Grit"), were often honest, strong, independent and patriotic. Because
he played these characters, John Wayne was thought to have those qualities
himself and was an example of a good American. His old-fashioned patriotism
made him something of a folk hero. In 1979 he was voted a Congressional
gold medal; the inscription read, "John Wayne — American".
Williams, Robin (1952—) — an actor and comedian whose films include
“Good Morning, Vietnam”, “Dead Poets Society”, etc.

Marilyn Monroe.

I think that the greatest actress not only of the USA, but of the whole
world is Marilyn Monroe. So I ‘d like to tell some facts about her life.
Six queens come and go, easily crowned, easily forgotten. Yet Marilyn
Monroe’s memory has remained very much alive. Admirers still cut her
picture out of public library books, artists still paint her; even the
young have become familiar with her name and her face by watching her films
on television.
Death has changed the sexy blonde into a myth, a symbol of soft
femininity and loveliness. Nowadays she is sometimes mistaken for a saintly
martyr, which she certainly was not. But then, what was she? Those who knew
her disagree so violently that it is difficult to see the real woman
through the conflicting judgments of her friends. A simple little girl to
her first husband, producer Mike Todd, she was also been described as the
most unappreciated person in the world, the meanest woman in Hollywood, a
tart, an enchanting child, an idiot, a wit, a great natural intelligence, a
victim, and a clod ‘user’ of people From the very contradiction, one can
guess that she was not simple. And obviously she had something special- not
talent, perhaps, but a certain spark. It is well known that most of her
problems had their roots in an unhappy childhood.
Marilyn had come into the world in a Los Angel’s hospital as Norma Jean
Mortensen. Her mother, Gladys Monroe Mortensen, loved her child; but since
she had to work, she left her in the hands of Ida and Albert Bolender, a
respectable couple who boarded children on their farm. Norma Jean spent her
first seven years with them. Her physical needs were well looked after, and
Gladys visited faithfully every weekend. But when she had gone, there was
not much warmth around the little girl. For Norma Jean, who was extremely
sensitive, it was a lonely, distressing childhood
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