Рефераты Abraham Lincoln

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Abraham Lincoln


Examined: Akhmedova Z.G.

Makhachkala 2001


1. Introduction
page 3
2. Early Life
page 3
3. Ancestry
page 4
4. Childhood
page 6
5. Young Manhood
page 6
6. Politics and Law
page 6
7. Illinois Legislator
8. Marriage page6
9. Congressman page 7
10. Disillusionment with Politics
11. Return to Politics
page 8
12. Campaigns of 1856 and 1858 page 8
13. Election of 1860 page 9
14. Presidency page 9
15. Sumter Crisis page10
16. Military Policy page11
17. Emancipation page
18. Foreign Relations page
19. Wartime Politics page13
20. Life in the White House page
21. Reconstruction page
22. Death page
23. Source page

Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865), 16th PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. Lincoln
entered office at a critical period in U. S. history, just before the Civil
War, and died from an assassin's bullet at the war's end, but before the
greater implications of the conflict could be resolved. He brought to the
office personal integrity, intelligence, and humanity, plus the wholesome
characteristics of his frontier upbringing. He also had the liabilities of
his upbringing--he was self-educated, culturally unsophisticated, and
lacking in administrative and diplomatic skills. Sharp-witted, he was not
especially sharp-tongued, but was noted for his warm good humor. Although
relatively unknown and inexperienced politically when elected president, he
proved to be a consummate politician. He was above all firm in his
convictions and dedicated to the preservation of the Union.
Lincoln was perhaps the most esteemed and maligned of the American
presidents. Generally admired and loved by the public, he was attacked on a
partisan basis as the man responsible for and in the middle of every major
issue facing the nation during his administration. Although his reputation
has fluctuated with changing times, he was clearly a great man and a great
president. He firmly and fairly guided the nation through its most perilous
period and made a lasting impact in shaping the office of chief
executive.Once regarded as the "Great Emancipator" for his forward strides
in freeing the slaves, he was criticized a century later, when the Civil
Rights Movement gained momentum, for his caution in moving toward equal
rights. If he is judged in the historical context, however, it can be seen
that he was far in advance of most liberal opinion. His claim to greatness

Early Life

The future president was born in the most modest of circumstances in a
log cabin near Hodgenville, Ky., on Feb. 12, 1809. His entire childhood and
young manhood were spent on the brink of poverty as his pioneering family
made repeated fresh starts in the West
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