Agriculture in the USA



Agriculture in the USA








III

: USA

: Headway, (2- )



: 255



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2002.


P L A N:


1. Agriculture in the USA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

2. Translation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

3. Vocabulary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10



Agriculture in the USA.

Almost 21mln.people or about 17 % of all population works in the
agriculture of USA. Nearly 3 millions independent farms deliver feed
products to the American consumers. The area of an average farm in the USA
makes about 400 acres. In 1984 there were more than 2.3 million farms in
the country. However, the very large farms -those with 1000 acres and more
account for more than 40% of farm acreage. The largest manufacturers of
grains making up 2,3% of total of farms, produce about 50 % of wheat in the
country. Similarly, the largest 2 % of the manufacturers of chickens -
broilers own 70 % of market sales.
Number of firms producing selected products in the USA. 1980es.
|Product |Numbers of firms producing |
| |this product |
|Wheat |446075 |
|Corn |937704 |
|Rice |11445 |
|Soy-bean |511229 |
|Tobacco |179141 |
|Pea-nuts |23046 |
|Dairy products |197269 |
|Cattle |1354309 |


There are therefore some concentrations of agricultural production in
hands of the largest manufacturers in the USA. But even largest
agricultural manufacturers accept the established prices for production.
For example, 27000 independent firms represent 2 % of the manufacturers of
grain, which make up 50 % of grain production in the USA. The new firms can
also penetrate into the majority of agricultural branches with relative
ease. There are special branches - exceptions. For example, there have been
state regulation that have limited for many years the number of tobacco
producers. However, even domestic manufacturer, who are protected against
entry must compete for sales to the foreign manufacturers in the export
markets.
State tax regulation plays important roll in encouraging of farm
development in USA. Since 1988 the tax rates on profit in agriculture have
been established at a rate of 15 and 28% whereas earlier they ranged from
11 up to 50 % with the intermediate rates
     

 

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