Рефераты The Consequences of the Soviet-Afghan War

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The Consequences of the Soviet-Afghan War
Essay: The Consequences of the Soviet-Afghan War.
“What did the Afghan war give us? Thousands of mothers who lost their
sons, thousands of cripples, and thousands of torn-up lives” (qtd. in
Tamarov 156). These are the words of a veteran of the Soviet-Afghan war.
The Soviet war was against an internal Afghan problem – the Mujahideen, an
Islamic Fundamentalist group that was trying to overtake the ruling Afghan
government. Even after nine years of intense fighting, the war left nothing
but thousands of lost innocent lives, and an undefeated Mujahideen. The
Soviet Union established diplomatic relations with the ruling Afghan
government in the early 1920’s, and sustained that relationship until the
government crumbled. They provided both military and economic aid (Lester,
par 23).
The Soviet Union had its own reasons for helping Afghanistan. Their
intention was to make Afghanistan the first Muslim state to become part of
the Soviet Union. By doing so, they would show the world the power of the
Soviet Empire, because no non-Muslim empire had ever included a Muslim
state. But they couldn’t succeed; on the contrary they created haters of
non-Muslim states called the Taliban, who teamed up with the Saudi
terrorist Bin Laden. This team has destroyed many innocent lives.
In 1979, more than 50,000 soldiers from fifteen Republics of the
Soviet Union entered Afghan territory. More than 20,000 of those soldiers
died during the nine-year-long war (Lester, par 37). The Soviet Union, and
especially the news media, blamed this failure entirely on its youthful
soldiers.
Military service was mandatory. The boys, who averaged 18 or 19 years
of age, had no choice but to serve for 2 to 3 years. Recruits for
Afghanistan would receive 8-10 weeks of training before being sent to their
units. This training, of course, didn’t cover all the necessary
preparation. They received some basic information on how to operate
weapons, but no information on how to fight effectively in the war
situation they would face in Afghanistan.
Did the Soviet government think about the ruined lives of the Afghan
veterans? No. Instead it blamed them for the failure of policies that
were not their fault.
Coming back to normal life was very difficult for the Afghan
veterans. After they came home they started organizing the sort of
communities they’d become accustomed to during their long stay in
Afghanistan. This was their way of isolating themselves from ordinary
people. In these communities they tried to do almost everything they used
to do in Afghanistan. Here they could do drugs, and talk about the war.
But the government shut down the communities because of the illegal use of
drugs. (Galeotti 41).
One of the veterans said, “We never came home. Our minds were always
at war.” (qtd. in Galeotti 45). But the soldiers did come home, and all
soldiers came back differently. Some of them were on crutches, some had no
hands or legs, some had prematurely gray hair, and many of them returned in
zinc coffins. Many soldiers, who were injured during the war, were never
able to find a job, because of their physical condition. Thus they had to
rely entirely on relatives for the rest of their lives. These people hated
the government for not assisting them financially, because when they needed
help, the same government that had sent them to war turned away from them.
Sick of their lives, and sick of being an extra burden to their relatives,
many invalid veterans committed suicide.
While many veterans were physically injured, others suffered from
complicated psychological disorders such as flashbacks, emotional numbness,
withdrawal, jumpy hyper-alertness or over-compensatory extroversion.
(Cordovez 247). One Afghan veteran recalled that when their leading vehicle
broke down, and the driver got out, a boy about ten years old ran out of
nowhere and stabbed him in the back. He added that they turned the boy into
a sieve (Galeotti 69). Soviet troops killed a number of children in Afghan
villages
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